Woodworking is the process of making, carving or building something utilizing wood.
Brief History of Woodworking
Wood was one of the first materials worked by early humans. Two ancient civilizations that have been recorded to use woodworking were the Chinese and Egyptians. Many types of Egyptian furniture are present in their drawings and found in tombs. Even though the composition of varnishes remains a mystery, it is recognized that Egyptians invented the art of veneering and the use of vanishes for the finishing. Some of the early finds of wooden tools where found in Kalambo Falls in Africa, England, and Germany.
Basic Types of Wood
Hardwoods, considered to have a tight grain. Some popular hardwoods are Ash, Beech, Birch, Cherry, Chestnut, Ebony, Rosewood, Walnut, Oak, Teak, Mahogany and Maple. Another name referring to wood of many species of trees and noted for their hardness is Ironwood. Hardwoods are most popular in flooring, utensils, construction, furniture and much more.
Softwoods, not to be mistaken for its name and not necessarily meaning softer than the hardwoods. Some hardwoods may be softer than some softwoods, however, some hardwoods are harder than any softwood. Some popular softwoods are Pine, Cedar and Spruce. Most softwoods are sourced from North America and the Baltic Region.
Plywood, is considered to be a man-made material. Invented by the Egyptians around 3500 B.C. during a shortage of quality wood. Plywood is made from thin sheets of wood veneer (thin slices of wood, glued onto wood and other core materials). Plywood is is strong, inexpensive, re-usable, workable and flexible, it is used for its resistance of warping, cracking and shrinkage. The popular Plywood known to us today, was invented by Immanuel Nobel from Sweden, he was the son of Alfred Noble, the founder of the Nobel Prize. Immanuel discovered that thin layers of wood bonded together would be stronger than a single thick wood layer. Plywood is a favorite amongst the construction industry, used for roofing and flooring.
Some commonly woodworking tools used are; axes, chisels, bow drills, adzes and pull saws.